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Seerat e Tayyaba

Prophet Muhammad (SAW): An easy introduction

MANY people in the West and in the East today are discussing Prophet Muhammad, may Allah exalt his mention. Who was he exactly? What did he teach? Why was he loved so much by some? Did he live up to his claims? Was he a prophet of God? What is the truth about this man? Here are the facts as narrated by thousands of people, many of whom knew him personally.

He was born to a noble tribe to the lineage of the leaders of Makkah. His name comes from the Arabic root “hamd” and literally means “praised one.” People at his time and until this very moment, praise him many times per day, may Allah exalt his mention. He never fell into the common practice of his tribesmen to worship statues, idols or man-made “gods.”

WHAT HE SAID ?

He believed that God was truly One God, and as such, He was to be worshipped alone, without any other “gods” beside Him. He held the Name of God in the highest of reverence and never took God’s Name in vain or for any vain glorious purpose.

He said Jesus, may Allah exalt his mention, did many miracles by the permission of Almighty God, curing the lepers, restoring sight to the blind and even bringing a dead man back to life. He stated clearly that Jesus, may Allah exalt his mention, was not dead, rather Almighty God had raised him up. He foretold that Jesus, may Allah exalt his mention, is going to return again in the Last Days to lead the true believers in a victory over the evil and unrighteous people, and he will destroy the Anti-Christ. He commanded the payment of charity to the poor and he was the defender and protector of widows, orphans and the wayfarers. He ordered people to unite with their families and honor the ties of kinship and he restored relationships between family members. He required his followers to engage only in lawful marriage relationships with women, and forbade sex outside of Almighty God’s Ordinance. He insisted on giving women their proper rights, dowries, inheritance and property.

WHAT HE DID ?

He despised false worship and all of the complexities and degradation to which it leads. He adhered to the Commandments of Almighty God, just as prophets of old had done in the past. He never committed adultery, and he forbade others from doing it. He forbade usury and interest on money lending, as Jesus, may Allah exalt his mention, had done centuries before him. He never gambled and did not allow it. He never drank alcohol or strong drink; even though it was a very normal thing for people of his time and place. He did not engage in gossip and used to turn away from hearing anything related to it.

He fasted for days at a time to be closer to Almighty God and away from the narrowness of worldly attractions. He taught that Jesus, may Allah exalt his mention, was the immaculate conception and miracle birth of Mary, and that she was among the best creation of Almighty God. He insisted even to the Jews of Medina, that Jesus, may Allah exalt his mention, was the Messiah, the Christ, the one predicted to come in their Torah (Old Testament).

WHAT HE DID’NT DO ?

His patience and humble attitude were exemplary and all who knew him had to admit to these virtues. He never lied, never broke a trust, never bore false witness, and he was famous with all the tribes in Makkah and was known as: “The Truthful” (Al-Ameen). He forbade any killing until the orders came from Allah. Even then the limits were clearly spelled out and only those engaged in active combat against the Muslims or Islam were to be fought in combat. Killing any innocent life was forbidden. There was no genocide of Jews. He offered mutual protection and forgiveness to the Jews even after they broke their covenants with him many times. They were not attacked until it was clearly proven they were traitors during time of war and tried to bring down the prophet (S.A.W) and the Muslims at any cost. Retaliation was only to those Jews who had turned traitor and not others.

Slaves were common in those days for all nations and tribes. It was Islam that encouraged freeing of the slaves and the great reward from Allah for those who did so. Prophet, may Allah exalt his mention, gave the example of this by freeing slaves and encouraging all of his followers to do the same. Examples include his own servant (who was actually considered like a son to him) Zaid ibn Al Haritha and Bilal the slave who was bought by Abu Bakr only for the purpose of freeing him.

HIS ACTS OF FORGIVENESS

While there were many attempts of assassination made on Muhammad, may Allah exalt his mention, (most famous was the night that Ali took his place in bed while he and Abu Bakr escaped to Madinah), he did not allow his companions to slaughter any of those who had been involved in these attempts. Proof for this is when they entered Makkah triumphantly and his first words were to command his followers not to harm such and such tribes and so and so families. This was one of the most famous of his acts of forgiveness and humbleness.

Military combat was forbidden for the first thirteen years of prophethood. The desert Arabs did not need anyone to tell them how to fight or do combat. They were experts in this area and held feuds amongst tribes that lasted for decades. It was not until the proper method of warfare was instituted by Allah in the Quran, with proper rights and limitations, that any retaliation or combat was sanctioned. Orders from Allah made it clear who was to be attacked, how and when and to what extent fighting could take place?
Destruction of infrastructures is absolutely forbidden except when it is ordained by Allah in certain instances and then only according to His Commands.

BORN IN A STATE OF ISLAM

Prophet Muhammad, may Allah exalt his mention, claimed every person who is born is born in a state of ISLAM (submission to God), as a Muslim (MU-Islam means; “one who does ISLAM” i.e.; submits to God’s Will and obeys His Commandments). Then as they grow older they begin to distort their faith according to the influence of the prevailing society and their own prejudices.

Muhammad, may Allah exalt his mention, taught his followers to believe in the God of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Jacob, Moses, David, Solomon and Jesus, peace be upon them all, and to believe in them as true prophets, messengers and slaves of Almighty Allah. He insisted on ranking all the prophets up at the highest level without any distinction between them.

ORIGINALLY FROM THE VERY SAME SOURCE

He also taught the Torah (Old Testament), Zaboor (Psalms) and Injeel (Gospel or New Testament) were originally from the very same source as the Quran, from Allah.

He prophesied and foretold of events to come and they happened as he had said. He even predicted something from the past that would come true in the future, and it has.

PHARAOH AS A SIGN FOR THE FUTURE

The Quran states pharaoh was drowned in the Red Sea while chasing after Moses and Allah said He would preserve Pharaoh as a sign for the future. Dr. Maurice Bucaille in his book, “Bible, Quran and Science” makes it clear this has happened and the very person of Pharaoh has been discovered in Egypt and is now on display for all to see. This event took place thousands of years before Muhammad, may Allah exalt his mention, and it came true in the last few decades, many centuries after his death.

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